Clipped From The Index-Journal
Filibuster Only Hope Now To Defeat Poll Tax Bill (By II. E. C. Bryant) Washington, Sept. 24 The anti-poll tax bill, aimed at seven South ern States,- will be considered at a hearing this and other weeks.'Chalr man Van Nuya, of the Seiate Judl-' clary Committee, is to preside at the meetings. The composition of that committee is of particular In terest because of the Importance of the proposed legislation. In addition to Senator Van Nuys, who comes from Indiana, there .are; Senators Pat McCarran, of Nevada, Carl Hatch of Mew Mexico, Tom Connally of Texas, Joseph C. O'Mahoney of Wyoming, Albert B. Chandler ot Kentucky. Hurley M. Kilgore, of West Virginia, Abe Murdoch of Utah and Ernest W. McFarland of Arizona, Democrats, and Warren 8. Austin of Vermont, John A. Dana-l .er, of Connecticut. Alexander Wiley of Wisconsin, William Langer of North Dakota and Harold H. Burton, of Chlo, Republicans. The anti-poll tax bill, Introduced because of pressure from Negro or- ganlzatlons, and supported by Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Senator Pepper, af Florjda, and other Democratic leaders, was defeated before the adjournment of the 77th Congress by a filibuster conducted by Southern k-aders In the Senate. Had the bill come to a vote It would have passed, for its sponsors nad the promise of enough votes to put it Lit. and voted for Republicans. But through. The House has already passed it by a substantial majority. The only hope of defeat for the measure now la in a filibuster and one may not be long enough to live out the present session. If the hearings before the Judiciary Committee are brief then the bill can be taken to the floor of the Senate within a week or two. Filibusters in committee have been used to pigeonholing objectionable bills. The anti-lynchlng bill, before Congress off and on for more than 15 years, was killed In the Judiciary Committee by Senator Lee S. Overman, and others several times by prolonged discussions. But the southern membership of the com mittee at this time is not as large as it was back In the years when the antt-lynchtng measure was considered. Sens tor Connolly, no doubt, will do hie best to atop the anti-poll tux bill, and he Is capable, determined and resourceful. But one of the leading pressure groups In the Capitol nowadays Is composed of colored agitators. The Association for the Advancement of Colored People, of New York, has a branch office and a number of lobbyists here and they are aggressive. Great efforts will be made to force the pending bill to a final vote, and should it go to the White House it is believed the President will sign it. Southern Democrats consider the movement for the anti-poll tax bill unnecessary and harmful meddling. They hold that such measures will ultimately disrupt the Democratic party. "It begins to look as If the North trn Democrats would bring back to the South conditions that existed during the dreadful reconstruction days following the War between the States," said a leading Southern member of the Senate today." For years the Southern States carried the banner of the Democratic party without the promise of reward but from principle, while Northern and Western States practically Ignored now, drunk with power, States north of the Mason-Dixon line are doing just what Republicans have tried to do for years. I would not be surprised to see some of them it Introduce the old Lodge force bill of a half century ago. The South will tire ot this drive against it for the benefit of Negro agitators.'' Keen interest is manifested In the movement to abolish the poll tax requirements of the seven Southern States. The hearings win be well attended, and many witnesses be heard. The purpose of the proposed legislation li to wipe out poll taxes as prerequisites to voting in Federal elections. The first meeting Is called tor Friday the 24th.