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 - sudden-, as a of of . Anti-Poll Tax Bill Is One...
sudden-, as a of of . Anti-Poll Tax Bill Is One More Stab Against South (By II. E. C. Bryant) Washington. May 28. Local newspapers give a 21-year old sailor credit for the passage of the anti-poll tax bill. The young man stood up In the gallery and railed at the members of the House and later said they were fighting the Civil War over again. But as a matter of fact the reso lution to take the bill away from the House judiciary committee showed greater strength than the bill. The votes were 368 against the committee, and 110 for it the vote for the bill was 265 to 110. There was no break in the line of the opponents of Che legislation. The truth Is that the purpose of the bill, now on Its way to the Senate for passage to a pro longed filibuster, is to enable the Negroes oi the seven Southern States that have the poll, tax requirement for suffrage to vote. There la no doubt about the In tentlon of the measure, supported by Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Senator Pepper of Florida, and the leading' Negro" organizations of the country. It is just one more stab at the South, and those behind It know that. Right or wrong, the plant Is to give the colored people of those States an opportunity to override the whites at some of the ballot boxes where they outnumber their white neighbors.; : . The situation In Congress In re gard to this legislation la made clear by the votes on the motion to discharge the committee and on the bill. Ever since the Ne groes who migrated to the North, East and West during the closing months of World War No. 1 and the yeara after that become eligible to vote In their new homes they hare held the balance of power In close state, congressional and other elections. " i Thirty-four of the New York delegation In the House supported the resolution to discharge the Judiciary committee' from further consideration of the bill so that it could he taken directly to the floor for consideration, 21 of them Democrats, that being a majority of the 4S members from - that State, and the only votes against It were cast by three Republicans: eight representatives did not vote but were paired. The Negro vote in New York Btate Is between 325,000' and 350,000. and In close contests, such as that State has now and then, that Is a very Im portant factor. Of the 33 members from Penn sylvania 27 voted to discharge the committee, and 12 of those were Democrats. No Democrat opposed It. In that State as In others Democrats and Republicans are patting the Negro on the back for his support. Pennsylvania has between 300.000 and 325,000 Negro voters. Of the 28 members from Illinois 24, six Democrats and 18 Republicans, voted against the commit tee. Illinois has 325.000 colored voters. Ohio has close to 300,000 Negro voters, and Its entire membership in the House. Democrats ana Republicans, voted to discharge the committee. It was 23. representa tives. . , , Indiana, with approximately 100,000 Negro voters, voted solidly against the committee. AS far out as the Pacific Coast the Negro Influence Is felt In political contests. The bill that just passed the House was handled by fa Democrat from . Washington State, and its six members, three Democrats and three Republicans supported the motion to discharge the committee and the bill. It Is estimated that between 75.000 and 80,000 colored men and women vote there. " " There are more than 100,000 Negro voters In California. The Negro migration from the South during the last 25 years took more than 3,000,000 Negroes to the North. East and West and they are now using the ballot as they never used It before, and a large majority of the voters are Democrats, having turned against Herbert Hoover In 1932, and vot ed for Mr. Roosevelt. The Southern States are outvot ed, and may continue to be. The Negro organizations have a very elaborate schedule for re forms through legislation. Feder al and State. They have the anti-poll tax bill, introduced by Rep. Marrahtonlo, American La-j nor party member from New York, and managed In Its passage1 by Rep, Magnuson of Washington, the antl-lynchlng bill, and others. Later they will try to force the Democrats of the South to allow them to vote, In their primaries and to eliminate Jim Crow lawa. Their newspapers carry elaborate programs to those end. Just before the last primary In South Carolina a delegation asked State political leaders to permit them to participate. They were turned down but they then said they would renew the request at the next election. That Senate, members from the South will, filibuster against the anti-poll tax "Mil no one here doubts but the question Is, can they keep np a fight until the end of the present Congress. They defeated a similar bill last Congress as It did not reach the Senate until near the end of the final session. The debates In the Hoiiko over the discharge resolution and the bill were acrimonious at times. Old timers said they were almost as heated as the dlscuRslons in Congress Just before the outbreak of the War Between the States. Rep. William M. Colmer, of Mississippi, during the debate on the motion to discharge the committee, said: "Here at a time when unity is the most prized thing that we seek, we find the sad and sorry spectacle of the House of Representatives, of the National Congress, bringing up an issue that Is calculated more than anything else to bring about disunity. ; "I know that you have gotten your orders from John I Lewis, Earl Browder, the Association for the Advancement of Colored People, from, the Gentlemen from New York (Mr. Marcantonio), and I know that you have gotten your orders from the First Lady or the land. I know that politically you know you must vote for this detestable thing, but in the name of thr one objective of winning this war, for God's sake, one, time let us rise above politi cal expediency and vote to up hold the Constitution and the integrity of this Congress and contribute to the national unity so necessary to winning this war." Six of the South Carolina mem bers of the House voted against the motion to discharge the committee Fulmer, Hare, ' Bryson, Richards and McMillan, and Riv ers was paired against It, All seven voted against the bill. . Fighting for China like his famed father is .artillery Cap t Chiang Wel-kuo,. youngest son 8 fcX the generalissimo. as to be to to Of surely as off or lot

Clipped from
  1. The Index-Journal,
  2. 28 May 1943, Fri,
  3. Page 4

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